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Using a speech engine to highlight words

From Rosetta Code
Using a speech engine to highlight words is a draft programming task. It is not yet considered ready to be promoted as a complete task, for reasons that should be found in its talk page.

Display a piece of text and produce spoken output via a speech engine.

As each word is being spoken, highlight the word on the display.

In languages where cursor control and highlighting are not possible, it is permissible to output each word as it is spoken.


Related task



AutoHotkey[edit]

We use the simple SAPI.SPVoice COM Object and a parsing loop. The highlighting is done with EM_SETSEL and Notepad. Rather crude, but it works. Due to the simplistic nature of the parsing loop, the text ends with a space.

SetTitleMatchMode 2
EM_SETSEL := 0x00B1
 
Run notepad,,,pid
WinWaitActive ahk_pid %pid%
ControlSetText, Edit1, % text := "AutoHotkey was the first to implement this task! ", ahk_pid %pid%
 
pVoice := ComObjCreate("Sapi.spvoice"), i := 1 ; the spvoice COM Object ships with the OS
 
; parse the text
While lf := SubStr(text, i, 1)
{
If lf = %A_Space%
{
SendMessage, EM_SetSel, % i-StrLen(word)-1, % i-1, Edit1, ahk_pid %pid%
pVoice.speak(word), word := "", i++
}
Else word .= lf, i++
}


FreeBASIC[edit]

FreeBASIC does not have a native command for them.

We are going to invoke vbscript directly

''This works on Windows. Does anyone know how it would be done in Linux?
 
Sub Speak(Texto As String)
Shell "mshta vbscript:Execute(""CreateObject(""""SAPI.SpVoice"""").Speak("""""+Texto+""""")(window.close)"")"
End Sub
 
Function Split(Texto As String, SplitL As String, Direcc As Byte = 0) As String
Dim As Integer LocA = Instr(Texto, SplitL)
Return Iif(Direcc <= 0, Left(Texto, LocA), Right(Texto, Len(Texto) - LocA))
End Function
 
Dim As String texto = "Actions speak louder than words"
Dim As String palabra()
Dim As Integer cont = -1
Do
cont += 1
Redim Preserve palabra(cont)
palabra(cont) = Split(texto," ")
texto = Right(texto, Len(texto)-Len(palabra(cont)))
If Len(palabra(cont)) = 0 Then palabra(cont) = texto : Exit Do
Loop
 
For n As Integer = 0 To Ubound(palabra)
Print palabra(n)
Speak palabra(n)
Next n


Go[edit]

Works with: Ubuntu 16.04


This uses the eSpeak speech synthesizer which is invoked for each word in the text. As the word is spoken it is printed to the terminal in capitalized form (and the previous word is uncapitalized). After a second's delay the final word is uncapitalized.

Very robotic but it works.

package main
 
import (
"fmt"
"log"
"os/exec"
"strings"
"time"
)
 
func main() {
s := "Actions speak louder than words."
prev := ""
prevLen := 0
bs := ""
for _, word := range strings.Fields(s) {
cmd := exec.Command("espeak", word)
if err := cmd.Run(); err != nil {
log.Fatal(err)
}
if prevLen > 0 {
bs = strings.Repeat("\b", prevLen)
}
fmt.Printf("%s%s%s ", bs, prev, strings.ToUpper(word))
prev = word + " "
prevLen = len(word) + 1
}
bs = strings.Repeat("\b", prevLen)
time.Sleep(time.Second)
fmt.Printf("%s%s\n", bs, prev)
}


Julia[edit]

Translation of: Go
function speak(sentence, cmd = "/utl/espeak.bat")
for word in split(sentence)
s = replace(lowercase(word), r"[^a-z]" => "")
if length(s) > 0
print(uppercase(s))
run(`$cmd $s`)
sleep(1)
print("\b"^length(s))
end
print(word, " ")
end
end
 
speak("Are those 144 shy Eurasian footwear, cowboy chaps, or jolly earthmoving headgear?")
 

M2000 Interpreter[edit]

 
Module UsingEvents {
Form 60, 32
Cls 5, 0
Pen 14
Declare WithEvents sp "SAPI.SpVoice"
That$="Rosetta Code is a programming chrestomathy site"
margin=(width-Len(That$))/2
EndStream=False
\\ this function called as sub routine - same scope as Module
\\ we can call it from event function too
Function Localtxt {
\\ move the cursor to middle line
Cursor 0, height/2
\\ using OVER the line erased with background color and then print text over
\\ ordinary Print using transparent printing of text
\\ $(0) set mode to non proportional text, @() move the cursor to sepecific position
Print Over $(0),@(margin), That$
}
Call Local LocalTxt()
Function sp_Word {
Read New StreamNumber, StreamPosition, CharacterPosition, Length
Call Local LocalTxt()
Cursor 0, height/2
Pen 15 {Print Part $(0), @(CharacterPosition+margin); Mid$(That$, CharacterPosition+1, Length)}
Refresh
}
Function sp_EndStream {
Refresh
EndStream=True
}
Const SVEEndInputStream = 4
Const SVEWordBoundary = 32
Const SVSFlagsAsync = 1&
 
With sp, "EventInterests", SVEWordBoundary+SVEEndInputStream
Method sp, "Speak", That$, SVSFlagsAsync
While Not EndStream {Wait 10}
Call Local LocalTxt()
}
UsingEvents
 
 

Mathematica/Wolfram Language[edit]

DynamicModule[{text = "This is some text.", words, i = 0}, 
[email protected]@{Dynamic[
Row[Riffle[
If[i != 0, MapAt[Style[#, Red] &, #, i], #] &@(words =
[email protected]), " "]]], InputField[[email protected], String],
Button["Speak",
While[i < [email protected], i++; FinishDynamic[]; Speak[words[[i]]];
Pause[Max[0.7, 0.12 StringLength[words[[i]]]]]]; i = 0]}]

Nim[edit]

Translation of: Go

Works on Linux but may also work on other platforms provided "espeak" is installed.

import os, osproc, strutils
 
const S = "Actions speak louder than words."
 
var prev, bs = ""
var prevlen = 0
 
for word in S.splitWhitespace():
discard execProcess("espeak " & word)
if prevlen > 0:
bs = repeat('\b', prevlen)
stdout.write bs, prev, word.toUpper, ' '
stdout.flushFile()
prev = word & ' '
prevlen = word.len + 1
 
bs = repeat('\b', prevlen)
sleep(1000)
echo bs, prev

Phix[edit]

Library: Phix/pGUI
Library: Phix/online

You can run this online here.

--
-- demo\rosetta\Speech.exw
-- =======================
--
with javascript_semantics
requires(6) -- WINDOWS or JS, not LINUX
requires(32) -- Windows 32 bit only, for now... 
-- (^ runs fine on a 64-bit OS, but needs a 32-bit p.exe)
requires("1.0.2")
include builtins\speak.e -- (new in 1.0.2)

include pGUI.e
Ihandle t3, left, red, right, btn, hbc, dlg

-- not sure why, but a leading space really helps...
constant text = ` Highlight words as they are spoken.`

procedure speech_cb(integer pos, len)
    if pos<0 then pos += length(text)+1 end if
    IupSetStrAttribute(left,"TITLE",text[1..pos])
    IupSetStrAttribute(red,"TITLE",text[pos+1..pos+len])
    IupSetStrAttribute(right,"TITLE",text[pos+len+1..$])
    IupSetAttributes({left,red,right}, "RASTERSIZE=x0")
    IupRefresh(t3)
    IupRedraw(t3)
end procedure

function button_cb(Ihandle /*ih*/)
    atom rate = iff(platform()=WINDOWS?-5: -- -10..+10, voice dependent
                iff(platform()=JS?0.3:      -- 0.1..10, 0.5 = half speed
                                  9/0))      -- linux, anyone?...
    speak(text,rate,speech_cb)
    return IUP_CONTINUE
end function

procedure main()
    IupOpen()
    left = IupLabel()
    red = IupLabel("",`FGCOLOR="255 0 0"`)
    right = IupLabel(text)
    t3 = IupHbox({IupFill(),left,red,right,IupFill()},
                 `FONT="Verdana, 18", MARGIN=0x20`)
    btn = IupButton("Speak",Icallback("button_cb"))
    hbc = IupHbox({IupFill(),btn,IupFill()},"MARGIN=0x10")
    dlg = IupDialog(IupVbox({t3,hbc}),"TITLE=Speak")
    IupShow(dlg)
    if platform()!=JS then
        IupMainLoop()
        IupClose()
    end if
end procedure

main()

Raku[edit]

Translation of: Go
# 20200826 Raku programming solution
 
my \s = "Actions speak louder than words.";
my \prev = $ = "";
my \prevLen = $ = 0;
my \bs = $ = "";
 
for s.split(' ', :skip-empty) {
run "/usr/bin/espeak", $_ or die;
bs = "\b" x prevLen if prevLen > 0;
printf "%s%s%s ", bs, prev, $_.uc;
prev = "$_ ";
prevLen = $_.chars + 1
}
 
printf "%s%s\n", "\b" x prevLen, prev;

REXX[edit]

Programming note:   This REXX program uses a freeware program   NIRCMD   to interface with the Microsoft Windows speech synthesizer program   SAM,   a text to speech using a male voice.   SAM can possibly be configured to use other voices with later releases of Windows.   More recent Microsoft Windows have another speech synthesizer program:   ANNA.

Each word of the text is highlighted (by showing the word in uppercase).   the terminal screen is cleared before showing the text that is being spoken;   the repeated calls to the (Windows) speech engine makes for a slower speech rate.

/*REXX program uses a command line interface to invoke Windows SAM for speech synthesis.*/
parse arg t /*get the (optional) text from the C.L.*/
#= words(t)
if #==0 then exit /*Nothing to say? Then exit program.*/
dq= '"' /*needed to enclose text in dbl quotes.*/
rate= 1 /*talk: -10 (slow) to 10 (fast). */
/* [↓] where the rubber meets the road*/
do j=1 for #
x= word(t, j); upper x /*extract 1 word, capitalize it for HL.*/
if j==1 then LHS= /*obtain text before the spoken word. */
else LHS= subword(t, 1, j-1)
if j==# then RHS= /*obtain text after the spoken word. */
else RHS= subword(t, j+1)
'CLS' /*use this command to clear the screen.*/
say 'speaking: ' space(LHS x RHS) /*show text, one word is capitalized. */
oneWord= dq x dq /*surround a word in double quotes (").*/
'NIRCMD' "speak text" oneWord rate /*NIRCMD invokes Microsoft's Sam voice*/
end /*j*/ /*stick a fork in it, we're all done. */

Note:   The name of the above REXX program is   SPEAKHI.REX

usage   using the command:

speakhi This is an example of speech synthesis. 

Ring[edit]

 
load "guilib.ring"
 
MyApp = New qApp {
 
win1 = new qWidget() {
 
setwindowtitle("Hello World")
setGeometry(100,100,370,250)
 
Text = "Welcome to the Ring Programming Language"
Text = split(Text," ")
 
label1 = new qLabel(win1) {
settext("What is your name ?")
setGeometry(10,20,350,30)
setalignment(Qt_AlignHCenter)
}
 
btn1 = new qpushbutton(win1) {
setGeometry(10,200,100,30)
settext("Say Hello")
setclickevent("pHello()")
}
 
btn2 = new qpushbutton(win1) {
setGeometry(150,200,100,30)
settext("Close")
setclickevent("pClose()")
}
 
lineedit1 = new qlineedit(win1) {
setGeometry(10,100,350,30)
}
 
voice = new QTextToSpeech(win1) {
}
show()
}
exec()}
 
Func pHello
lineedit1.settext( "Hello " + lineedit1.text())
for n = 1 to len(Text)
voice.Say(Text[n])
see Text[n] + nl
next
 
Func pClose
MyApp.quit()
 
Output:
Welcome
to
the
Ring
Programming
Language

Ruby[edit]

Library: Shoes

I'm having difficulty figuring out how to get Shoes to update the GUI (like Tk's update command), so the user must click the button once for each word.

Uses the Ruby code from Speech synthesis

load 'speechsynthesis.rb'
 
if ARGV.length == 1
$text = "This is default text for the highlight and speak program"
else
$text = ARGV[1..-1].join(" ")
end
$words = $text.split
 
Shoes.app do
@idx = 0
 
stack do
@sentence = para(strong($words[0] + " "), $words[1..-1].map {|word| span(word + " ")})
button "Say word" do
say_and_highlight
end
end
 
keypress do |key|
case key
when :control_q, "\x11" then exit
end
end
 
def say_and_highlight
speak $words[@idx]
@idx = (@idx + 1) % $words.length
@sentence.replace($words.each_with_index.map {|word, idx| idx == @idx ? strong(word + " ") : span(word + " ")})
end
end

Tcl[edit]

This code uses the external /usr/bin/say program (known available on Mac OS X) as its interface to the speech engine; this produces rather stilted speech because it forces the text to be spoken one word at a time instead of as a whole sentence (in order to keep the highlighting synchronized).

Library: Tk
package require Tcl 8.5
package require Tk 8.5
proc say {text button} {
grab $button
$button configure -state disabled -cursor watch
update
set starts [$text search -all -regexp -count lengths {\S+} 1.0]
foreach start $starts length $lengths {
lappend strings [$text get $start "$start + $length char"]
lappend ends [$text index "$start + $length char"]
}
$text tag remove sel 1.0 end
foreach from $starts str $strings to $ends {
$text tag add sel $from $to
update idletasks
exec /usr/bin/say << $str
$text tag remove sel 1.0 end
}
grab release $button
$button configure -state normal -cursor {}
}
 
pack [text .t]
pack [button .b -text "Speak, computer!" -command {say .t .b}] -fill x
.t insert 1.0 "This is an example of speech synthesis with Tcl/Tk."

Wren[edit]

Translation of: Go
Library: Wren-str

The ability to call external processes such as espeak is expected to be added to Wren-cli in the next release. In the meantime, we embed the following Wren script in a minimal C host (no error checking) to complete this task.

/* speech_engine_highlight_words.wren */
 
import "./str" for Str
 
class C {
foreign static usleep(usec)
 
foreign static espeak(s)
 
foreign static flushStdout()
}
 
var s = "Actions speak louder than words."
var prev = ""
var prevLen = 0
var bs = ""
for (word in s.split(" ")) {
if (prevLen > 0) bs = "\b" * prevLen
System.write("%(bs)%(prev)%(Str.upper(word)) ")
C.flushStdout()
C.espeak(word)
prev= word + " "
prevLen = word.count + 1
}
bs = "\b" * prevLen
C.usleep(1000)
System.print("%(bs)%(prev)")


We now embed this in the following C program, compile and run it.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "wren.h"
 
void C_usleep(WrenVM* vm) {
useconds_t usec = (useconds_t)wrenGetSlotDouble(vm, 1);
usleep(usec);
}
 
void C_espeak(WrenVM* vm) {
const char *arg = wrenGetSlotString(vm, 1);
char command[strlen(arg) + 10];
strcpy(command, "espeak \"");
strcat(command, arg);
strcat(command, "\"");
system(command);
}
 
void C_flushStdout(WrenVM* vm) {
fflush(stdout);
}
 
WrenForeignMethodFn bindForeignMethod(
WrenVM* vm,
const char* module,
const char* className,
bool isStatic,
const char* signature) {
if (strcmp(module, "main") == 0) {
if (strcmp(className, "C") == 0) {
if (isStatic && strcmp(signature, "usleep(_)") == 0) return C_usleep;
if (isStatic && strcmp(signature, "espeak(_)") == 0) return C_espeak;
if (isStatic && strcmp(signature, "flushStdout()") == 0) return C_flushStdout;
}
}
return NULL;
}
 
static void writeFn(WrenVM* vm, const char* text) {
printf("%s", text);
}
 
char *readFile(const char *fileName) {
FILE *f = fopen(fileName, "r");
fseek(f, 0, SEEK_END);
long fsize = ftell(f);
rewind(f);
char *script = malloc(fsize + 1);
fread(script, 1, fsize, f);
fclose(f);
script[fsize] = 0;
return script;
}
 
static void loadModuleComplete(WrenVM* vm, const char* module, WrenLoadModuleResult result) {
if( result.source) free((void*)result.source);
}
 
WrenLoadModuleResult loadModule(WrenVM* vm, const char* name) {
WrenLoadModuleResult result = {0};
if (strcmp(name, "random") != 0 && strcmp(name, "meta") != 0) {
result.onComplete = loadModuleComplete;
char fullName[strlen(name) + 6];
strcpy(fullName, name);
strcat(fullName, ".wren");
result.source = readFile(fullName);
}
return result;
}
 
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
WrenConfiguration config;
wrenInitConfiguration(&config);
config.writeFn = &writeFn;
config.bindForeignMethodFn = &bindForeignMethod;
config.loadModuleFn = &loadModule;
WrenVM* vm = wrenNewVM(&config);
const char* module = "main";
const char* fileName = "speech_engine_highlight_words.wren";
char *script = readFile(fileName);
wrenInterpret(vm, module, script);
wrenFreeVM(vm);
free(script);
return 0;
}