REXX program encodingWhat language encoding should the file be saved in, and what should the LC_* env vars be before invoking Regina on a Unixy OS? Currently under UTF-8 everything, Regina (-v: REXX-Regina_3.6(MT) 5.00 31 Dec 2011) complains:
10 +++ say center('Farey sequence for order ' n " has" # 'fractions.', 150, '═') Error 40 running "/tmp/test.rex", line 10: Incorrect call to routine Error 40.23: CENTER argument 3 must be a single character; found "═"
I suspect the mechanism that is being used in saving (or downloading) the REXX program (file) from Rosetta Code is storing the character(s) of the extended ASCII (ASCII-8) as some flavor of Unicode, which Regina REXX is seeing as a two- or three-byte character. The extended-ASCII character that was being used is the 'cd'x (═) character (the horizontal double-line boxing character) from the Microsoft (DOS) code page 437 (which, I think, is probably the default code page in the USA). What you are showing (in the line with 10 +++ message) looks like a one-character (the 3rd argument for the center
BUF BIF), but the REXX program source file probably has a two-character field stored there, thereby incurring Regina REXX's wrath (as witnessed by it issuing the error message(s). -- Gerard Schildberger (talk) 23:44, 1 April 2014 (UTC)
To address the 1st question: all Classic REXXes that I know of only support bytes, not Unicode characters. I'm not very familiar with Unixy thingys, so I don't know what can be specified (if anything) for Regina REXX regarding this issue. As far as I know, there isn't anything as far as REXX switches or environmental variables that will "fix" the above-mentioned problem; the only fix is to put in a single-byte character (which that 3rd argument is just essentially used for fodder for a line separator, a dash would work as well, ··· or a minus sign will do in a pinch --- but then it looks chintzy, and we can't have that.) -- Gerard Schildberger (talk) 23:44, 1 April 2014 (UTC)
Grumble about "marked as incorrect"
I got a "marked as incorrect" flag:
Here's an example:
0 1r2 1
0 1r3 1r2 2r3 1
(a) the definition currently places no specification on output format, and (b) this is the native J format for fractions.
I could "change the output format to match C" but that's not a part of the task description. It would be trivial to match the C display, but there's actually nothing in the task description (other than "completely reduced") that seems relevant here. (And a person could easily argue that 0 and 1 are completely reduced while 0/1 and 1/1 are not.)
As a first pass, I'm going to address this "incorrect" with documentation. If the task description itself gets changed to document the "completely reduced format" I will of course comply, but I wanted to put my reasoning here, before I did that.
The definition doesn't specifically mention an exact format, but every example shown (anywhere) are displayed as what people would easily recognize as fractions.
Indeed, the first and last terms are specifically called fractions, and even mentions HOW they are to be expressed (that is, as fractions, specifically as 0/0 and 1/1), not zero and unity. This is part of the definition of a Farey sequence (that is, how it is displayed, otherwise 0 and 1 would be used). So is the definition of the terms in-between the first and last entries, these are fractions (which are completely reduced). Again, note that the end fractions are defined to be 0/1 and 1/1, all others between 0 and 1 are shown in lowest terms (or in other words, reduced, ... or to be more specific, completely reduced). I.E.: 28/48 could be reduced to 14/24, but completely reduced is 7/12.
As far as the internal format for any language, that doesn't matter. Although it mentions elsewhere that they are positive integers, I won't quibble if they are (internally) stored in some other format. If a language stores integers internally as binary, I still expect the output to be shown in base ten (decimal), and without a leading plus sign, and without a trailing decimal point, and with superfluous leading zeroes suppressed, and without superfluous zeros elsewhere, and have the sequence shown horizontally instead of a vertically format, and without superfluous blanks (i.e.: 7 / 9 ) for that matter. I wouldn't complain if the horizontal/vertical format wasn't thus, but everybody saw the practicality of using a horizontal format. I think that the obvious shouldn't have to be stated. In doing so, it would really, really clutter up the requirements, not to mention make it tedious bore to read. What matters is how the Farey sequences are displayed: as fractions as per the examples (showing the orders of 1 to 5). Please try to show the Farey sequences as close as possible to those examples. If it's a trivial thing to use a solidus instead of an r, then please transform the Farey sequences (output). All examples shown in the programming entries use the common form of fractions: the use of a solidus (/) instead of a horizontal bar (as do the examples of orders 1 to 5 in the preamble, a nicety that HTML provides). I don't know anybody who doesn't recognize that format as an example of a fraction.
It wasn't my intent to have you match a particular output from another programming example's to order to conform to that language's output, I just chose C because it was the first one in the language list and reduced any scrolling to locate it. The perfect (output) model of efficiency and minimalism. When I said, see that example, I meant just look at it to get the general idea; its a good example of what all other programming examples have done. This isn't about making any particular language's output look like another's output. It's about having the output reflect the definition (or example, if you will) of the Farey sequences (order 1 to 5) as exemplified in the Rosetta Code task's preamble.
As an aside, I chose to mark the output as incorrect (as opposed to have this discussion in the talk page) as it would've been so easy to comply, and once done, the flag would be removed, and there would be no fuss, no mess. Whereas these comments will be around forever.
- Acts of civil disobedience (such as I am engaged in here) probably deserve some discussion. My stance - that what I have provided is mathematically equivalent to what is being displayed. The order is equivalent, the values are equivalent. The only thing that is not equivalent is the display. And yet, none are truly equivalent to the task display (which is not plain ascii).
- Anyways, If you are comfortable adding a format requirement to the task description, I'll be comfortable complying with that format requirement. It's only a short line of code (but that pretty much doubles the amount of code I'd need for this task, and removes the motivation to document the associated language features). And, I will also remove the documentation explaining the current state of affairs (because they would no longer be the current state of affairs).
- If you are not comfortable adding a format requirement to the task description, if the only motivation is style, I'd prefer to leave it like it is.
- The motivation was never style, let alone the only motivation, it's form and content which implies meaning. Please re-read the definition of the starting and ending values of a Farey sequence: they are the fraction 0/1 and the fraction 1/1. This isn't style, this is the definition. 0 and 1 aren't fractions. The Farey sequences are all fractions, including the border terms. I don't see a need to add verbage that the programming examples need to conform to that definition, it 'is' the definition, and that should be enough to cause conformity from the examples' outputs. But, if you feel the need for a special requirement (or more verbage) for a particular language (or just in general), then please feel free to add it if that's what it takes to make your example correct. I don't see your adding a special requirement (as a tidying up thingy) is a stumbling block. If that's what it takes to clarify the issue, then I wish you'd add whatever language makes it clearer. -- Gerard Schildberger (talk) 18:50, 2 April 2014 (UTC)
- Indeed, when I look up the definition of "fraction" I see "a numerical quantity that is not a whole number (e.g., 1/2, 0.5)" -- but this would mean that 0/1 and 1/1 are not fractions, because these represent whole numbers.
- Possibly the concept you are trying to describe needs a few qualifying words to distinguish it from this definition? --Rdm (talk) 06:54, 16 February 2015 (UTC)
- "The" definition is not the only definition of a fraction, indeed, the common usage is: a fraction if any part of a unit. That any part may, I believe, be the whole part. Also, another point is that an improper fraction is still a fraction. I certainly don't want to start a mathematical debate on the one true definition of a fraction --- I defer to what others have defined what a Farey sequence is (and, apparently, what it looks like) --- or, at least, how the terms are depicted --- and most important, how the end terms are depicted (defined by fiat). Perhaps we are getting hung up on what a fraction is, rather than what a fraction looks like (or is depicted) --- at least, as far as a Farey sequence is often depicted. Farey sequences are terms that look/appear/resemble fractions, in that there is what appears to be a numerator and a denominator, and furthermore, their equivalent values aren't used --- you don't see 0 .25 1/3 .5 2/3 .75 1 as being depicted in (or as) a Farey sequence. It doesn't matter to me if a solidus is used or some kind of horizontal bar is between the numerator and denominator, ... as long as the Farey term looks like they are part of the Farey sequence. Since HTML code (or plain text) is commonly used on Rosetta Code, there is nothing wrong with "plain" ASCII characters being used. The beginning and ending terms are defined to be the value 0 and 1, denoted by the fractions (or glyphs) 0/1 and 1/1 (this is the wording the Wikipedia entry uses in its definition of a Farey sequence. Another definition that I like is the Wolfram MathWorld (TM) entry. -- Gerard Schildberger (talk) 07:45, 16 February 2015 (UTC)
So we are asked to renounce centuries of mathematics that have taught us that 0/1=0 and 1/1=1, just to please someone who wants to really write 0/1 and 1/1, just for the heck of it. And while some languages have a builtin, standard and idiosyncratic way of expressing something, we are asked to replace this simplicity by some ugly hack, just to print 0/1 and 1/1. Brilliant. Sometimes I can understand we want some very special output, but here the task is to cumpute numbers, requiring to renounce the sensible output is... well, brilliant. By the way it's precisely to prevent such a brilliant reaction that I wrote Matrix chain multiplication to leave some flexibility. Eoraptor (talk) 17:05, 11 February 2020 (UTC)
- No, nobody is asking anyone to renounce centuries of mathematics. This Rosetta Code task is to compute and display Farey sequence(s), and also to count the terms in some sequences. The displaying the numbers 0, 0.5, 1 (with or without the commas) is not the method used to show a Farey sequence. This task doesn't ask to compute numbers (per se), but to specifically compute a Farey sequence The defined format is: 0/0, 1/2, 1/1 (with or without the commas) is the standard and defined format, although the use of a solidus is the more conventional method where the use of HTML within a computer programming language is impossible or impractical. When using HTML, a horizontal line is most often used (to separate the numerator from the denominator), as in the case of this Rosetta Code task's preamble. If you want to push your boulder up a hill, complain to all the authors, textbooks, and wiki sites that define a Farey sequence as used here on this Rosetta Code task. But when complaining here on Rosetta Code, it helps to actually discuss things and ask questions, and not use inflammatory rhetoric. The discussion will go much easier if one doesn't use such sarcasm, the use of which pretty much shuts down a meaningful or productive conversation. Whether you think the output is ugly (and a hack), that is the defined and standard method of showing a Farey sequence. I've re-read the Wikipedia and MathWorld™ entries, nobody on the Wiki sites has complained about ugliness or it being a hack. If you are creating Rosetta Code tasks to avoid "brilliant" reactions, you're going to be disappointed. The requirements of this task weren't just thought up for the heck of it (or just to please me). I've done the research from more than a few sites, and I didn't just throw in some arbitrary requirements to cause everyone to renounce (their) sensible output. I know it is simpler to write/display a zero and a one instead of the standard end terms for a Farey sequence, but this isn't the place to tilt at windmills. Rosetta Code is a pretty good place to discuss such topics, but to be productive, it would help immensely if you would behave more cordially and refrained from such rhetoric which makes it difficult to have a productive discourse. -- Gerard Schildberger (talk) 21:48, 11 February 2020 (UTC)
Parts of formulae here now invisible to many browsers
Parts of various formulae on this task page have become invisible to many browsers (all those - the majority - which display the graphic file rather than processing the MathML directly), as a result of 'tidying and spacing' edits made on 00:37, 22 May 2016. One of the issues may be an attempt at cosmetic introduction of redundant white space around Latex expressions inside <math> tags. This white space is not currently expected by the MediaWiki processor, and leads to the generation of syntactically ill-formed HTML. Hout (talk) 13:16, 19 September 2016 (UTC)
- This one doesn't respond to immediate First Aid. I can see why an attempt was made to improve its appearance, though the edits that were made unfortunately hid the Farey sequence itself from most browsers.
- Even before the 22 May 2016 edits, the formulae, though visible, were oddly prefixed by a fragment of undigested LaTeX code (\textit). Perhaps we should just revert this, for the moment, to its 21 May 2016 condition (at least the task description formulae were visible at that stage), and then aim to fix the undigested \textit tag (if possible) next ? Hout (talk) 18:45, 18 November 2016 (UTC)
- For the moment I have gone ahead and restored the visibility of the sequence formulae to Chrome IE/Edge and Safari, at the expense of also reintroducing an earlier glitch - a visible LaTeX fragment.
- My guess is that restored visibility at the price of a a bit of visual noise, is better than no noise at the price of complete invisibility to most browsers. Please advise if you take a different view. Hout (talk) 22:36, 20 November 2016 (UTC)